Patmos is a small Greek island in the Aegean Sea, in the complex known as the Dodecanese, most famous for being the location of both the vision of St. John the Theologian and the writing of the Apocalypse, the Christian Bible's Book of Revelation.
It has a population of close to 3,000 people in an area of 34.05 sq km (13.15 sq mi). The highest point is Prophetis Ilias, 269 meters (883 ft) above sea level. The Municipality of Patmos includes the offshore islands of Arkoi, Marathos, and several uninhabited islets and it is part of the Kalymnos regional unit.
Patmos' main communities are Chora, the capital city, and Skala, the only commercial port. Other settlements are Grikos and Kampos. The churches and communities on Patmos are of the Eastern Orthodox tradition.
Patmos is mentioned in the Book of Revelation. The book's introduction states that its author, St. John, was supposedly on Patmos when he was given and thus wrote, a vision from Jesus himself. Early Christian tradition identified this writer as John the Apostle, though some modern scholars are uncertain, and thus call him the less specific "John of Patmos". Because of the Book of Revelation, Patmos has a long history as a destination for Christian pilgrimage. Visitors can see the Cave of the Apocalypse, where John is said to have received his Revelation and several monasteries on the island are dedicated to Saint John. In 1999, the island's historic center Chora, along with the Monastery of Saint John the Theologian and the Cave of the Apocalypse, were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.
In 1088, St. Christodoulos the Latrinos, a gifted and educated monk from Bithynia, was granted funds by Imperial Decree by the Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos, to establish a monastery in honor of St. John the Theologian. Built on top of Chora, the monastery dominates the whole island and reminds of a Byzantine castle. Archaeological findings indicate that it was built on the site of an ancient temple of Goddess Artemis and of an early Christian basilica. It is surrounded by an irregular rectangular defensive enclosure dating from the late 11th century until the 17th. Its Catholic, bank and cells have been preserved since the Byzantine period. Patmos is also home to the Patmian School, a notable Greek-Orthodox seminary.
The Monastery of Saint John the Theologian, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is a Greek Orthodox monastery, and a place of pilgrimage for Christians of all dogmas, founded in 1088, in Chora.
The Cave of the Apocalypse, where St. John is thought to have written the Apocalypse, which now is part of the Bible, is situated about halfway up the road between Skala, the port town and Chora, the capital of the island.
|Rhodes Shore Excursion |
Lindos and Rhodes Old Town Tour
Enjoy a full-day shore excursion to ancient Lindos and Rhodes Old Town, led by a private guide. Explore Lindos Acropolis and the enchanting village on a walking tour, and then spend the afternoon visiting the Acropolis of Rhodes and Rhodes Old Town. Hear little-known facts about Rhodes’ historical landmarks and admire must-see sights such as the Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes. All entrance fees are at your own expense.