ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ ΤΟΥ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟΥ
The Library of Hadrian was an impressive construction of extraordinary richness, as historian Pausanias attests, who extols its "hundred columns of phrygian marble", its "gold cornices" and its "alabaster statues". Unfortunately, of all this cultural treasure nothing was found following the great catastrophes and ravages over time.
The rectangular building measured 122 m x 82 m, which followed a typical Roman Forum architectural style, with only one entrance featuring a Propylon of Corinthian order, a high surrounding wall with protruding niches at its long sides, an inner courtyard surrounded by columns and a decorative oblong basin, 58 meters (191 ft.) long by 13 meters (43 ft.) wide, in the middle, surrounded by a garden. The portico, or stoa, in the East side was divided into several rooms and had two stories. The great hall of the ground floor opened on the courtyard by a bay with four columns. This is where the library (bibliotheke) was, 26 m. (83 ft.) long by 14 m. (38 ft.) wide, with the Podium at the foot of walls to a man's height, and two rows of niches which were used for cases of the rolls of papyrus "books", as also seen in the Library of Pergamon. Adjoining halls were used as reading rooms, and the corners served as lecture halls.
For a page with Basic Architectural Terminology, including terms used in the description of the ancient Greek temples, click here!
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