It belonged to the type of the cross-in-church, with a dome that is supported by four columns. On its eastern side three semi-circular tall arches are shaped.
The initial Byzantine core of the church has been altered today and survives only on the eastern side and at the dome.
The first damages were probably made during the Greek Revolution, while large scale unfortunate interventions were made in the period 1847-1855, while the monument had been given to the Russian community of Athens. The Russians, in order to accommodate their needs for worship, expanded the building, adding oblong areas on the northern, southern and western side. Later, in 1908, they added a spacious area on the west and the church took the shape of a three-aisle basilica. The western area was expanded more in the year 1917 and then two bell towers were added.
The church’s masonry, as it survives on the eastern side, is a simple cloisonné one. The dome is of the “Athenian” type, octagonal with marble columns on the corners and lobed windows. At the interior of the church, the surviving wall paintings are post-Byzantine ones, from the 18th and the 19th century, and the marble screen is a work that was carried out in the 20th century. At the small courtyard in front of the church a marble fountain of the 17th century survives as well as scattered ancient architectural members.
Also in the small courtyard of the church, bronze busts of the former President of the Greek Republic, philosopher Constantinos Tsatsos by renowned sculptor Yannis Pappas and that of his wife Ioanna Simeonides Tsatsos by sculptor Nikolas have been placed. The Tsatsos couple used to live less than a block away, on 9 Kydathineon Street.
The church celebrates on the 6th of August.
For a page with Basic Architectural Terminology, including terms used in the description of the ancient Greek temples and the Orthodox churches of Athens, click here!
|Medieval Athens Tour |
Team-up with a knowledgeable tour guide on a private tour and explore the secrets of Medieval Athens. Discover the living proofs of the mighty Byzantine Empire, visit historic churches, stroll around the streets of the old city and explore one of the most interesting and turbulent time periods of Athens.