The Panathenaic Olympic Stadium
ΤΟ ΠΑΝΑΘΗΝΑΪΚΟ ΟΛΥΜΠΙΑΚΟ ΣΤΑΔΙΟ ΤΗΣ ΑΘΗΝΑΣ
The Panathenaic Stadium acquired fame, however, following its reconstruction by Herod Atticus in the 2nd c. A.D. between the Panathenaic festivals of 139/140 and 143/144 A.D. It was constructed entirely of white marble from Mt. Penteli, in the style of a Roman stadium with a semicircular sphendone, slightly curved sides, and with rows of seating for 50,000 spectators, divided by a diazoma aisle. Marble pillars in the form of herms marked the start and finish of the Stadium and there was an underground crypt beneath the hill. The stadium was particularly impressive for its size and marble construction, where it gets the name kallimarmaron from. Philostratos writes that the Stadium surpassed all marvels since no other theater can rival it; Pausanias refers to it as a marvel, and impressed by its marble records that almost all the marble of Mt. Penteli must have been used in its construction.
The triple-arched bridge over the Ilissos in front of the Stadium and the Temple of Tyche on the hill of Ardettos complete the architectural picture of the ancient stadium. It was there, above the stadium, on the eastern hill, that Herod Atticus was buried in 1798 A.D. The following epigram was engraved on his tomb" "Marathonius Herodes Atticus, whose works these are / lies here buried, worthy in all things".
In late-Roman times, the Stadium was transformed into an arena for gladiators and wild beasts. The exact date of its destruction is not known. However, lime-kilns have been found in the area of the stadium and there can be no doubt that much of the marble was turned into lime. Very little marble was still visible at the time of the Greek Revolution, in 1821.
The ancient Stadium was unearthed in 1969/70 following excavations carried out by the German architect Ernst Ziller. His plans were used in the reconstruction of the Stadium for the first Olympic Games in Athens, in 1896, funded by benefactor George Averoff, a Greek from Alexandria.
On April 6th, 1896, the first modern Olympic Games were revived at the Panathenaic Stadium in Athens! During the first games only 280 participants representing 13 nations competed across 43 events, covering track-and-field, swimming, gymnastics, cycling, wrestling, weightlifting, fencing, shooting, and tennis. America’s James Connolly became the first modern Olympic champion when he won the triple jump on the opening day of the Games an achievement for which he was awarded a silver medal and an olive branch. France, Great Britain, Germany and Greece had the largest number of athletes participating.
Tickets for Panathenaic Stadium + Audio Guide
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During the dark times when Greece, was occupied by the Turks, the stadium was stripped of most marble and all ornaments. At around 1856, after the liberation of Greece, Evangelis Zappas, the benefactor, raised the issue of the renovation of the historic site.
In 1874, and in order to host a first attempt for the revival of the Olympic Games in the following year, a bridge was built over Ilissos River, and improvements were made in the track and field areas of the stadium.
In 1895 and through 1900, the marble seating restoration, funded by yet another benefactor, Georgios Averoff, was greatly improved so that the 1st Olympic Games of 1896 could take place.
In antiquity, athletic competitions such as racing, boxing, jumping, javelin-throwing, chariot and horse racing, had taken place in the stadion. These games were celebrated every year during the great Panathenaea, in the month of Hecatomveon, about the end of July. Then in the midst of unparalleled splendor, 300 oxen were drawn for sacrifice before the altar of the goddess.
Olympic Games Workout
Get the background on what the Olympics were really about, in venues connected to the real Olympic events. Find out more about how ancient Olympic athletes trained, and learn some techniques used by modern athletes, before you compete in a race in the world’s first modern Olympic Stadium.
This is a 2-hour, small-group activity, for no more than 12 guests.
As close as 200 m. from the Panathenaic Olympic Stadium of Athens, and 600 m. from the Museum of Cycladic Art, we will recommend Pi Athens Hotel, rated as "superb" by guests of Booking.com. All guests benefit from discounted rates at Holmes Place Health Club nearby with access to the swimming pool, the sauna, the hamam and the gym. Guests can enjoy the on-site bar. Each room includes Cocomat mattresses and a flat-screen TV with satellite channels, and free Wi-Fi. Some units have a seating area for your convenience. You will also find a kettle in the room. For your comfort, you will find free toiletries, a hairdryer and a kettle for your tea or coffee.
|Athens City Highlights Segway Tour |
See the sights of modern and ancient Athens on a 2-hour Segway tour, led by a local guide! On your self-balancing electric Segway, glide through the city streets, stopping by famous monuments to hear tales about this charismatic city. Admire sights of the Acropolis of Athens, visit Zappeion Gardens, and then see top Athens' attractions like Hadrian’s Arch, the Temple of Olympian Zeus, Panathenaic Olympic Stadium and more! This small-group tour is limited to 12 people,