The Philopappos Hill
Ο ΛΟΦΟΣ ΤΟΥ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΠΠΟΥ
In the 1950’s architect Dimitris Pikionis developed the design of the area encompassing the Propylaea of the Acropolis and Philopappos Hill. Take note of the handmade marble cobbled roads leading to the monuments. The area has been designated a Scheduled and Protected Monument of the Global Cultural Heritage.
On the summit of the hill that the ancient called "Mousseion" from the name of the great poet and chanter Moussaios, stands proudly the monument to a great friend of Athens, Prince of Syria, Gaius Julius Antiochos Philopappos, 65–116 AD, the grandson of Antiochos IV, Epiphanes, the last king of Kommagene in Asia Minor. Since Philopappos was his Greek given name, we will assume that Gaius Julius Antiochos was particularly fond, and known for that, of his grandfather, Antiochos IV.
The decorative structure was ornamented with pilasters, reliefs and statues. The reliefs represented king Philopappos as a Roman Consul and an Athenian citizen on his chariot, inaugurating his consulship in the year 100 A.D. Above, in three niches between pilasters and Corinthian pillars, the statue of Philopappos in the center; that of his grandfather Antiochos IV on the left; on the right, according to Cyriakos of Ancona, a tourist to Athens, was the statue of Seleukos I, Nikator, founder of the dynasty.
The fine monument of Roman times, erected by the Athenians in commemoration of the Syrian king, benefactor of Athens, was destroyed in the 17th century. Recent investigations have certified that architectural elements of the Philopappos Monument were used by the Turks for the construction of the Minaret in the mosque within the Parthenon... It was from the summit of this hill that Italian General (moron) Morosini bombarded and almost destroyed the Parthenon on September 26th, 1687.
| Hidden Athens Walking Tour and Picnic|
Plaka and the Hills of Athens
Escape the buzz of downtown Athens and head to its peaceful hills for a 3.5-hour leisurely-paced walking tour, wrapping it up with a Greek picnic and a glass of white wine! Your expert local guide will introduce you to the gentle hills around Athens’ Acropolis, chatting about the area’s ancient history as you go. Discover the charms of Plaka (Athens’ Old Town), Anafiotika with its pretty Greek island-style houses and three of the city’s famous hills: Philopappou and Mars Hill.