αka The Odeon of Herodes Atticos
ΗΡΩΔΕΙΟΝ ή ΩΔΕΙΟΝ ΗΡΩΔΟΥ ΤΟΥ ΑΤΤΙΚΟΥ
Herodeon was built by the offspring of an important Athenian family, the illustrious orator and philosopher Tiberios Claudius Herod Atticos, in memory of his wife, Aspasia Annia Regilla. The exact date of construction is unknown, but it was certainly built sometime after Regilla's death and 174 AD, when the traveler and geographer Pausanias visited Athens and referred to the monument in great admiration. It was the third odeon constructed in ancient Athens, after the Pericles Odeon on the south slope (5th c.) and the Agrippa's Odeon in the ancient Agora (15 c. BC).
Herodeon is an amphitheater with a seating capacity of more than 6,000 people. It was originally a steep-sloped theater with a three-story stone front wall, decorated with marble and ceramic slabs. and a wooden roof covering the theater made of expensive cedar of Lebanon timber. The audience seats and the orchestra (stage) were restored using white marble from the quarries of Mt. Penteli in the 1950s. The semicircular auditorium, 76 m in diameter, was hollowed into the rock. It was divided into two sections by a 1.20 m wide corridor; each section (diazoma) numbered 32 rows of seats. In the front row, where dignitaries would sit, the seats had backs. The upper corridor of the cavea was probably bordered by a gallery. Also semicircular, the orchestra, 19 m in diameter, was paved with white marble.
Among the notable artists who have performed at the Herodeon we shall mention La Divina Maria Callas, Plácido Domingo, José Carreras, Montserrat Caballé, Luciano Pavarotti, Alicia de Larrocha, the Bolshoi Ballets, Maurice Béjart, Joaquín Cortés, Sylvie Guillem, Paco de Lucía, Diana Ross, Liza Minnelli, Jean Michel Jarre, Elton John, Ennio Morricone, Frank Sinatra, Jethro Tull, and Karolos Koun, Mikis Theodorakis, Manos Hatzidakis, Nikos Koundouros, Spiros Evangelatos, Yannis Markopoulos, Dionysis Savopoulos, Vangelis, and other important artists and artistic organizations.
Athens Sightseeing Tour
This comprehensive half-day guided tour of Athens