Nemea is an ancient site in the northeastern part of the Peloponnese, in Greece. Formerly part of the territory of Cleonae in Argolis, it is situated in the regional unit of Corinthia. The small village of Archaia Nemea (Ancient Nemea) is immediately southwest of the archaeological site, while the new town of Nemea lies to the west. Here, in Greek mythology, the hero Heracles overcame the Nemean Lion of the goddess Hera. In the ancient Greek times the Nemean Games would take place here, dated from at least 573 BC, and celebrated in the eleven Nemean odes of Pindar.
In Pausanias time the temple, which he noted was "worth seeing", stood in a grove of cypresses; its roof had fallen in and there was no cult image within the temple. Three limestone columns of the Temple of Nemean Zeus of about 330 BC have stood since their construction, and six more were reconstructed in 2002 and 2007. Three orders of architecture were employed at this temple, which stands at the end of the Classic period and presages this and other developments of Hellenistic architecture, such as the slenderness (a height of 6.34 column diameters) of the Doric columns of the exterior. The site around the temple has been excavated since 1973 and the great open-air altar, baths, and ancient accommodations for visitors have been unearthed. The temple stands on the site of a prior Archaic-period temple, of which only a foundation wall is still visible. The stadion has recently been discovered. It is notable for its well-preserved vaulted entrance tunnel, dated to about 320 BC, with ancient graffiti on the walls. The material discovered in the excavations is on display in an on-site museum constructed as a part of the University of California's excavations.
|Private Wine Tasting |
Peloponnese Countryside Tour
including Lunch a la carte
On this privately-guided day-trip of custom duration, be amazed by the breathtaking Corinth Canal, explore the archaeological site of Ancient Nemea and its wonderful museum, and visit a top-quality winery to enjoy a guided visit and wine tasting.