the 12 Gods of the Greek Pantheon
Hera is the Queen of the gods, and the goddess of marriage and family. Hera is Zeus wife and sister, the youngest daughter of Cronus and Rhea. She was raised by the Titans Ocean and Tethys. Her marriage with Zeus was founded in strife and continued in strife. Zeus courted her unsuccessfully. He then turned to trickery, changing himself into a disheveled cuckoo. Hera feeling sorry for the bird held it to her breast to warm it. Zeus then resumed his normal form and taking advantage of the surprise he gained, raped her. She then married him to cover her shame.
Poseidon, or Neptune, is brother of Zeus and Hades, middle son of Cronus and Rhea.
After the overthrow of their father, he drew lots with Zeus and Hades, for shares of the world. Poseidon's prize was to become lord of the seas.
Poseidon is God of the seas, earthquakes, and tidal waves. He married the Nereid Amphitrite, a granddaughter of the Titan Oceanos, although, like most male Greek Gods, he had many lovers.
She is the protector of Athens, the goddess of handicrafts, and agriculture. She invented the bridle, which permitted man to tame horses, the trumpet, the flute, the pot, the rake, the plow, the yoke, the ship, and the chariot.
Athena is the embodiment of wisdom, reason, and purity. She was Zeus's favorite child and was allowed to use his weapons including his thunderbolt. Her favorite city is Athens, which was named after her, and she is the protector of the city. Symbols include the owl and the olive tree.
One of Apollo's more important daily tasks is to harness his chariot with four horses and drive the Sun across the sky. He also is the god of truth, who can not speak a lie. He is the god of medicine and healing. He is the Archer, far shooting with a silver bow. Symbols include the sun, lyre, swan, and mouse. His plant was the laurel. The crow is his bird and the dolphin is his animal.
Some say that Hera, upset by having an ugly child, flung him from Mt. Olympus into the sea, breaking his legs. Others that he took Hera's side in an argument with Zeus, and Zeus flung him off Mt. Olympus. He is the patron god of both smiths and weavers. He is kind and peace loving. His wife is Aphrodite. Unlike most divine husbands, he was rarely ever licentious. Symbols include fire, anvil, ax, donkey, hammer, tongs, and quail. His Latin name, Vulcan, gave us the word "volcano," since Hephaestos used a volcano as his forge.
Hades is the brother of Zeus. After the overthrow of their Father Cronus he drew lots with brothers Zeus and Poseidon, for shares of the world. Hades had the worst draw and was made lord of the underworld, ruling over the dead. He is a greedy god who is greatly concerned with increasing his subjects. Those whose calling increase the number of dead are seen favorably. The Erinnyes are welcomed guests. He is exceedingly disinclined to allow any of his subjects leave. He is also the god of wealth, due to the precious metals mined from the earth. He has a helmet that makes him invisible. He rarely leaves the underworld. His wife is Persephone whom Hades abducted. He is the King of the dead but, death itself is another god, Thanatos.
The Echo of Greece
Audiobook Download- $6.97
Author: Edith Hamilton, also known for her book "The Greek Way"
Narrator: Nadia May
Take full advantage of your downtime traveling to and around Greece, and delight in listening to an interesting book!